时事评论:中国加强一带一路领域的国际合作

  • 時間:   2021-01-26      
  • 作者:   巴铁泽米尔      
  • 來源:   澳门法治报     
  • 瀏覽人數:  5565

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自2013年一带一路倡议启动以来,中方已承认开展发展合作,并根据各国需求为政策、基础设施、贸易、资金和民心相通做出了贡献,为推动高质量的一带一路合作创造了空间和机遇。


1.加强政策协调/政策同步是一带一路参与者加强政治互信、发展务实合作、整合利益的基础。中国本着求同存异、求同存异的原则,邀请外国官员参加培训,派遣专家、顾问出访各国,增进双方的沟通和了解,形成共同协同发展。


建立一带一路倡议与参与国发展战略合并的平台中国为来自参与国的官员举办了4000多次一带一路主题的培训会议,包括基础设施连通性、工业能力、设备标准化、贸易便利化和技术标准化。


这些培训方案作为一个交流平台,协调各国在一带一路框架内的政策。这些方案的参与者共同讨论和规划了如何将一带一路倡议与区域和国家优势结合起来的方法,如非洲联盟的2063议程、2025年东盟互联互通总体规划、欧盟的欧亚互联互通战略、巴基斯坦的新巴基斯坦愿景、老挝从内陆国家转变为内陆国家的倡议、菲律宾在其建设、建设、建设方案下的大规模基础设施项目、哈萨克斯坦的光明道路倡议和蒙古的发展道路计划。


为区域经济和贸易合并创造机会中国派遣专业人员和顾问出国提供技术咨询服务,并在深入了解各伙伴国的国情、政策和法律的基础上,提出可行的发展计划,为实际合作奠定基础。


中白大石工业园区,海外经贸合作区,被誉为“丝绸之路经济带上的明珠”中方实施了工业园区技术支持项目,分享了管理开发区的经验,并邀请白方专家参观天津经济技术开发区和苏州工业园区。通过实地考察和深入沟通,两国专家共同制定了园区管理、经营、投资促进和产业发展的政策,为园区的长期发展奠定了坚实的基础。


2、加强基础设施连接/基础设施连接是一带一路合作的关键。中国全力支持参与国建设主干线,包括主要公路、铁路、港口、桥梁和电信网络,建立由6条走廊、6条航线、多个国家和港口组成的互联互通框架。ー连接六条走廊及六条路线。中国支持一带一路参与基础设施互联互通项目,以振兴古丝绸之路。为了保持中巴经济走廊,鼓励两国之间的陆路贸易,中国参与了白沙瓦-卡拉奇高速公路和中巴国际公路的升级扩建。为了支持中国-印度支那半岛经济走廊和孟加拉-中国-印度-缅甸经济走廊,中国帮助孟加拉国、缅甸、老挝和柬埔寨建设公路、桥梁和隧道等基础设施,帮助东南亚和南亚之间的互联互通和一体化发展。通往欧洲的中国铁路快线连接了欧亚20多个国家的100多个城市,在新型冠状病毒肺炎期间为稳定国际工业和供应链做出了杰出贡献。——建设21世纪海上丝绸之路物流走廊。支持建设以重要港口为重要枢纽的海上丝绸之路平稳高效运输走廊。在中国的协助下,毛里塔尼亚的友好港口扩建项目大大提高了装卸能力,缓解了港口的货物拥挤和延误,使其成为海上丝绸之路上的一个重要贸易物流节点。- 建设航空运输枢纽。为满足日益增长的航空运输需求,中国协助巴基斯坦、尼泊尔、马尔代夫、柬埔寨、赞比亚、津巴布韦和多哥发展和扩大机场,从而提高运营能力和安全性,增加客运和货运吞吐量,促进当地旅游业,便利跨境客运和贸易流动,并为它们与一带一路倡议的合并带来更多机会。


3、促进人与人之间更密切的关系人与人之间的友谊是国与国之间良好关系的基石,而心与心的交流是更深厚的友谊的关键。中国通过旨在改善当地人民生活的项目,促进与伙伴国家的人文交流和合作,从而增进相互欣赏、相互理解和相互尊重,加强一带一路倡议的社会基础。- 改善人们的生活。中国在一带一路开展了一系列以人为本的项目,解决住房、供水、医疗、教育、农村道路、弱势群体援助、基础设施和基本公共服务等问题。中国援助科特迪瓦、喀麦隆、埃塞俄比亚、吉布提等国建设供水系统,确保人们获得安全饮用水。它帮助斯里兰卡、塞内加尔、几内亚、尼日尔、莫桑比克、南苏丹、牙买加、苏里南、多米尼加和刚果民主共和国改善当地医疗服务,使当地人更容易获得医疗服务。中国帮助白俄罗斯建造政府补贴的住房,以改善弱势群体的生活条件。从2016年到2019年,它在斯里兰卡,巴基斯坦和乌兹别克斯坦,提供了超过2000例免费白内障手术。ー促进人与人之间的交流。中方邀请斯里兰卡、巴基斯坦、哈萨克斯坦等一带一路派代表来华开展人文交流,增进对中国国情和文化的了解和认识。此外,中心亦派遣青年义工到老挝、文莱等一带一路,加强人文交流,促进文化交流和互学互鉴。——加强文化合作。中国与17个一带一路参与了33个文物保护项目。这些项目包括柬埔寨吴哥窟的保护和修复项目,缅甸被地震破坏的蒲甘佛塔,以及乌兹别克斯坦的希瓦古城,作为联合考古活动,在哈萨克斯坦的拉卡特古遗址和孟加拉国的比克拉姆布尔遗址。中国启动了一个名为接入卫星电视的项目,为10,000个非洲村庄提供数字电视连接,为20多个非洲国家的农村社区提供数字电视连接,为他们看世界打开了一个新的窗口。它协助塞舌尔、科摩罗、坦桑尼亚和毛里求斯的广播和电视中心开展项目,以提高当地广播和电视网络的传播能力,使其成为各自所在地文化交流的重要工具。


(图文整理:那娜)


附件:本报时事评论员巴铁泽米尔简介

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Zamir Awan,泽米尔阿万,笔名:巴铁泽米尔。


现任巴基斯坦国立科技大学中国研究中心副主任。巴基斯坦驻中国大使馆原科技参赞。


泽米尔生于1962年3月1日,80年代在中国留过学。在上海大学获得学士与硕士学位,机械专业。


从2010年,在巴基斯坦驻华大使馆,担任参赞,负责中巴两国之间科技交流与发展科技合作。中巴两国政治关系非常密切,通称“铁哥们儿全天候战列合作伙伴”的关系。科技算战略地位,所以两国也重视科技交流与合作。


泽米尔阿万,利用他在中国学习时学过的知识(包括农业、林业、生物学、健康业、工业、水电、能源、高等教育等等)加强了合作关系。签订了不少合同与协议,推动了不少项目。


他为巴中两国人民之间的友谊做了不少的工作,特别一带一路与巴中经济走廊方面。在他的任期中,在两国关系发展壮大。


从2020年起成为《澳门法治报》时事评论员。


China Boosting International Cooperation on the Belt and Road

Since the Belt and Road Initiative was launched in 2013, China has conceded out development cooperation and contributed to policy, infrastructure, trade, financial and people-to-people connectivity based on individual countries’ needs, producing space and opportunities to promote high-quality Belt and Road cooperation.



1. Enhancing Policy Coordination
Policy synchronization is the foundation for Belt and Road participants to reinforce political mutual trust, develop pragmatic cooperation, and integrate their interests. Based on the principle of looking for and expanding common ground while keeping and undertaking differences, China has invited foreign officials to participate in training sessions and dispatched experts and advisors to join in countries, to promote bilateral communication and understanding and create joint synergy development.

– Building platforms for the Belt and Road Initiative to merge with the development strategies of participating countries. China has held over 4,000 training conferences for officials from participating countries on Belt and Road themes such as infrastructure connectivity, industrial capacity, equipment standardization, trade facilitation, and technological standardization.

The training programs assist as a communication platform for coordinating countries’ policies within the Belt and Road framework. Participants of the programs discussed and planned conjointly on ways to connection the Belt and Road Initiative with regional and national advantages, such as Agenda 2063 of the African Union, the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 2025, EU’s Europe-Asia connectivity strategy, Pakistan’s vision of a new Pakistan, Laos’ initiative to transform from a land-locked country to a land-linked country, the Philippines’ massive infrastructure projects under its Build, Build, Build program, Kazakhstan’s Bright Road initiative, and Mongolia’s Development Road program.

– Creating opportunities for regional economic and trade amalgamation. China has sent professionals and advisors abroad to offer technical consulting services and propose feasible plans for development based on an in-depth understanding of each partner country’s national conditions, policies, and laws, laying the groundwork for practical collaboration.

The China-Belarus Great Stone Industrial Park, an overseas economic and trade cooperation zone, has been hailed as “a pearl on the Silk Road Economic Belt.” China implemented technical support programs for the industrial park, shared its experience in managing development zones, and invited Belarus experts to visit the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area and the Suzhou Industrial Park. Through field trips and in-depth communication, the two countries’ experts jointly framed policies on the management, operation, investment promotion, and industrial development for the park, laying solid foundations for its long-term growth.

2. Strengthening Infrastructure Connectivity

Infrastructure connectivity is key to Belt and Road cooperation. China offers full support to participating countries in building trunk lines, including main road, railways, ports, bridges, and telecommunications networks, to create a connectivity framework comprising of six corridors, six routes, and multiple countries and ports.

– Connecting the six corridors and six routes. China supports Belt and Road participants in infrastructure connectivity projects to revive the ancient Silk Road. To keep the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and encourage overland trade between the two countries, China participated in the upgrading and expansion of the Peshawar-Karachi Motorway and the Karakoram Highway. To support the China-Indochina Peninsula Economic Corridor and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor, China helps build infrastructures such as highways, bridges, and tunnels in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, and Cambodia, helping connectivity and integrated development between Southeast Asia and South Asia.

China’s help with constructing sections of Kyrgyzstan’s North-South highway and Tajikistan’s road revamp project on the China-Central Asia-West Asia Economic Corridor has improved the local transport conditions. Connecting over 100 cities across more than 20 countries in Europe and Asia, the China Railway Express to Europe has made an outstanding contribution to stabilizing international industrial and supply chains during the Covid-19 pandemic.

– Building a logistics corridor on the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. China supports constructing a smooth and efficient transport corridor on the Maritime Silk Road with the key ports as significant links. With China’s assistance, the Friendship Port expansion project in Mauritania has considerably improved the handling capacity and alleviated cargo congestion and delays in the port, making it an essential trade logistics node along the Maritime Silk Road.

– Building air transport hubs. To meet the rapidly growing needs of air transport, China has assisted Pakistan, Nepal, Maldives, Cambodia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Togo in advancement and expanding their airports, thereby improving operational capability and safety, increasing the passenger and cargo throughput, promoting local tourism, facilitating cross-border passenger and trade flow, and bringing more opportunities for their amalgamation with the Belt and Road Initiative.

3. Fostering Closer People-to-People Ties

People-to-people friendship is the cornerstone of sound state-to-state relations, and heart-to-heart communication holds the key to more profound company. China promotes people-to-people exchanges and cultural cooperation with partner countries through projects designed to improve local people’s lives, thus increasing mutual appreciation, mutual understanding, and mutual respect and reinforcing the social foundation of the Belt and Road Initiative.

– Improving people’s lives. China has launched a series of people-oriented projects in Belt and Road countries to address such issues as housing, water supply, health care, education, rural roads, and assistance to vulnerable groups, filling gaps in infrastructure and essential public services.

China has assisted Côte d’Ivoire, Cameroon, Ethiopia, and Djibouti in building water supply systems to ensure access to safe drinking water. It has aided Sri Lanka, Senegal, Guinea, Niger, Mozambique, South Sudan, Jamaica, Suriname, Dominica, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to improve local medical services and make it easier for local people to access medical treatment.

China has helped Belarus build government-subsidized housing to improve the living conditions of the vulnerable. From 2016 to 2019, it provided over 2,000 free cataract surgeries in Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan.

– Furthering people-to-people exchanges. China has invited representatives from Belt and Road countries such as Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and Kazakhstan to engage in people-to-people exchanges in China, increasing their knowledge and understanding of China’s national conditions and culture. It has also sent youth volunteers to other Belt and Road countries such as Laos and Brunei to foster closer people-to-people ties and facilitate cultural exchanges and mutual learning.

– Strengthening cultural cooperation. China has participated in 33 projects to preserve cultural relics with 17 Belt and Road countries. These include the protection and restoration projects for Angkor Wat in Cambodia, Bagan Buddhist pagodas in Myanmar damaged by earthquakes, and the ancient city of Khiva in Uzbekistan as joint archaeological activities at Rakhat Ancient Ruins in Kazakhstan and the Bikrampur ruins in Bangladesh.

China has launched a project known as Access to Satellite TV for 10,000 African Villages to provide digital TV connection for rural communities in more than 20 African countries, opening a new window for them to see the world. It has assisted with projects for radio and TV centers in Seychelles, Comoros, Tanzania, and Mauritius to improve local radio and television networks’ transmission capacity, making them essential vehicles for cultural communication in their respective localities.

Author: Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Editor, Analyst, Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.

(The views expressed in this article belong  only to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy or views of World Geostrategic Insights). 






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关键字:时政、要闻、国际