时事评论:民主真的是最好的政治制度吗?

  • 時間:   2021-09-23      
  • 作者:   巴铁泽米尔      
  • 來源:   澳门法治报     
  • 瀏覽人數:  6354

民主这个词本身就是人民统治的意思。民主是一种人们可以以和平方式改变统治者的制度,政府被赋予统治的权利,因为人们说它可能。在这方面,Zamir Ahmed Awan谈到世界各地的民主,以及言论自由和信息流动如何在主要民主国家也面临严格控制。




“人民的意志是政府权威的基础;这一意愿应在定期和真正的选举中表示,选举应由普遍和平等的普选,并应以无记名投票或同等的自由投票程序进行。”民主解释并帮助维护法律和秩序。民主帮助公民选择他们的领导人来管理政府。




每年9月15日被宣布为民主日,并在国际上定期庆祝。国际民主日提供了一个审查世界民主状况的机会。民主既是一个进程,也是一个目标,只有在国际社会、国家管理机构、民间社会和个人的充分参与和支持下,民主的理想才能成为世界各地每个人都能享受的现实。




“让我们致力于维护平等、参与和团结的原则,以便我们能够更好地抵御未来危机的风暴。”联合国秘书长安东尼奥·古特雷斯先生。




阅读更多:阿富汗没有民主:塔利班




毫无疑问,民主被认为是最好的政治制度之一。第二次世界大战后,民主迅速崛起。美国和西欧已经成为民主的领导者,被认为是最好的榜样。他们的经济发展被认为是有利于民主的。社会公正、信息流动等也对民主作出了贡献。




民主之前的制度是什么?




在我的脑海中很少有问题需要与我的读者分享,比如王国和帝国都失败了吗?为什么需要民主?




在历史上,有些国王和皇帝是优秀的,杰出的,天才的,善良的,温和的,聪明的。他们爱他们的人民,并以最好的方式为他们服务。因为他们是通过成绩、奋斗和大量的辛勤工作取得这个地位的。他们为国家的社会经济发展做出了很大贡献。这还不够吗?但事实是,如果一个人,凭借自己的能力,成为了国王,或者获得了权力,他就做得很好。




更多信息请阅读:灵魂探索必须复兴民主的本质




但如果一个人成为了国王或通过继承而获得权力,这是一种简单的方式,不管他或她的能力或斗争,他或她可能不会承受这样的痛苦和在只统治人民的奢侈品中失去。正是缺乏功德和无能,毁掉了王国和帝国。正是贪婪、腐败和个人欲望,破坏了王国和帝国。一个典型的例子是中国的国王溥仪,在他的皇帝父亲去世后,仅3岁就成为了皇帝。想象一下,一个3岁的孩子就能管理一个帝国?继承制度破坏了精英统治。




世界民主的现状




如果我们看看民主国家,我们可能会发现今天的民主国家有许多异常之处。瞧,法西斯莫迪赢得了选举,统治着最大的纳粹式皿煮国家。恕我直言,特朗普总统统治这个超级大国四年,就是因为他在选举中以金钱取胜。法国人民是民主的受害者,被迫违背自己的自由意志服从政府的命令。许多民主国家实行威权主义。




在今天的民主国家中有很多例子,金钱是赢得选举的唯一标准,不管金钱还是黑钱。在许多发达国家,被认为是发达国家,但民主的地位并不令人满意。言论自由和信息流动在主要民主国家也面临严格控制。没有必要谈论民主在发展中国家或不发达国家的地位。




有必要整顿目前的民主程序,并制定只选举有才能的人的规则。现在是改革现行做法、完善制度的时候了。被侵蚀的民主可能不会持续太久。如果这种趋势继续下去,民主的未来可能会像王国和帝国一样遭遇类似的结局。




印度正义运动党禁止TLP的决定是在挑战民主吗?




另一方面,民主被引用是为了给社会带来繁荣和社会经济发展。但是,中国是一个典范,社会经济部署在没有民主的情况下实现。中国人拥有最高的购买力,彻底消除了贫困,是世界上最幸福的国家之一。生活水平、医疗保健质量、教育设施和最先进的基础设施是在没有民主的情况下实现的。




巴基斯坦的场景




记住巴基斯坦的识字率,我们的大多数选民是无知的。我国的社会经济结构建立在地主和封建社会的基础上,“瓦德拉”影响着选民。大多数选民没有视野,或者视野非常狭窄,他们只能看到自家门前的排水系统或铺着地毯的街道。他们无法决定合适的候选人当选并在议会中代表他们。




事实上,他们可以判断,谁可以在议会立法来改变这个国家的命运。在这种情况下,一些典型的巴基斯坦政客利用了他们,赢得了选举,只为他们服务。他们的生意迅速增长,他们的财富呈指数级增长,而选民仍然贫穷,国家仍然贫穷。




阅读更多:国会大厦的破坏行为:巴基斯坦民主的思想食粮




我相信,巴基斯坦有巨大的潜力,可以迅速繁荣,如果我们选对了人,对国家诚实、忠诚和真诚。谁能制定法律,制定政策,让国家走上正确的轨道?为此,我们需要教育我们的选民。有一天,我们的选民能够判断合适的候选人,并投票给合适的政治家,我们国家的命运就会改变。




翻译整理:那娜

责任编辑:陈龙狮



附件:本报时事评论员巴铁泽米尔简介

微信图片_20210710134336.jpg

Zamir Awan,泽米尔阿万,笔名:巴铁泽米尔。



现任巴基斯坦国立科技大学中国研究中心副主任。巴基斯坦驻中国大使馆原科技参赞。



泽米尔生于1962年3月1日,80年代在中国留过学。在上海大学获得学士与硕士学位,机械专业。



从2010年,在巴基斯坦驻华大使馆,担任参赞,负责中巴两国之间科技交流与发展科技合作。中巴两国政治关系非常密切,通称“铁哥们儿全天候战略合作伙伴”的关系。科技算战略地位,所以两国也重视科技交流与合作。



泽米尔阿万,利用他在中国学习时学过的知识(包括农业、林业、生物学、健康业、工业、水电、能源、高等教育等等)加强了合作关系。签订了不少合同与协议,推动了不少项目。



他为巴中两国人民之间的友谊做了不少的工作,特别一带一路与巴中经济走廊方面。在他的任期中,在两国关系发展壮大。



从2020年起成为《澳门法治报》时事评论员。



Is democracy really the best political system?



The word democracy itself means rule by the people. A democracy is a system where people can change their rulers in a peaceful manner and the government is given the right to rule because the people say it may. In this regard, Zamir Ahmed Awan talks about democracies around the world, and how the freedom of expression and flow of information is facing strict control in leading democratic countries too.


 


“The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.” Democracy explains and helps in maintaining law and order. Democracy helps citizens to choose their leaders to run the government.




15th of September is declared as Democracy Day and observed internationally every year regularly. The International Day of Democracy provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world. Democracy is as much a process as a goal, and only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society, and individuals can the ideal of democracy be made into a reality to be enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.




“Let us commit to safeguarding the principles of equality, participation, and solidarity so that we can better weather the storm of future crises.” UN Secretary-General Mr. Antonio Guterres.


 

 

Read more: No democracy in Afghanistan: Taliban




No doubt the Democracy is considered one of the best political systems. After the World Wars, democracy has emerged rapidly. The US and Western Europe have become the leaders in Democracy and were cited as the best model. Their economic development was argued in the favour of Democracy. Social justice, the flow of information, etc. were also contributed to Democracy.




What were the systems before Democracy?




Few questions were raised in my mind, need to be shared with my readers like was the Kingdom and Empires all failed? Why Democracy was required? Etc.




In history, some of the Kings and emperors were excellent, outstanding, genius, kind, gentle, and wise. They loved their people and serve them in the best possible manner. Because they achieved this status based on merit, struggle, and a lot of hard work. They contributed a lot to the socio-economic development of their country. Was not that enough? But what happened, if a person, with his own capabilities, became King or empower, he served very well.




Read more: Soul searching must to revive the essence of democracy




But if one has become king or empower by inheritance, easy way, irrespective of his or her capabilities, or struggle, he or she may not take such pain and lost in luxuries of ruling people only. It was the lack of merit and incompetency, which damaged Kingdoms and empires. It was the greed, corruption, and personal desires, which damaged the Kingdoms and empires. A typical example is King Pu Yi of China, who became emperor at the age of 3 years only, after the death of his father who was emperor. Imagine, a 3 years old child can run an empire? The inheritance system damaged the meritocracy.




Current status of Democracy in the World




If we look at democratic countries, we may find many anomalies in today’s democracies. Look, Fascist Modi has won the election and ruling the largest democracy in Nazi-style. With due respect, President Trump ruled the superpower for four years, because of his money-based victory in the election. People in France are the victim of democracy and are forced to follow government dictation against their free will. In many democratic countries, authoritarianism is practiced.




There are many examples in today’s democracy where money is the only criteria for winning the election, irrespective, of while money or black money. In many developed nations, considered to be advanced countries, but the status of democracy is not satisfactory. The freedom of expression and flow of information is facing strict control in leading democratic countries too. Nothing to talk about the status of democracy in developing or underdeveloped countries.




There is a need to rectify the current democratic process, ethics, and rules may be formulated that only merit-based people should be elected. It is a time to reform the current practices and improve the system. The eroded democracy may not survive longer. If the same trends continue, the future of democracy may meet a similar end like kingdoms and empires.


 

 

Read more: Did PTI challenge democracy with the decision to ban TLP?




On the other hand, Democracy is quoted to bring prosperity and socio-economic developments to society. But, China is a model, where socio-economic deployments are achieved without democracy. The Chinese enjoy the highest purchasing power, eradicated poverty absolutely, and are one of the happiest nations on this earth. The standard of life, quality of health care, educational facilities, and state-of-the-art infrastructure were achieved without democracy.




Pakistan’s scenario




Keeping in mind the literacy rate in Pakistan, majority of our voter is ignorant. The social-economic structure of our country is based on landlords and a feudal society, where the “Wadera” influences the voters. Most of the voters have no vision or very narrow vision, they can see only drainage systems or carpeted streets in front of their houses. They are unable to decide the right candidate for being elected and represent them in the parliament.




In fact, they can judge, who can make legislation in the parliament to change the fate of this nation. Under this scenario, some of the typical Pakistani politicians exploited them and win the election and serve them twelves only. Their businesses grow rapidly, and they became rich exponentially, while the voter remain poor, the country remain poor.




Read more: Vandalism on the Capitol Hill: Food for thought for Pakistan’s democracy




I believe, Pakistan has huge potential and can prosper quickly, if we elect the right people, honest, loyal, and sincere with the country. Who can make legislations, formulate policies, and put the country on the right track? For this purpose, we need to educate our voters. The day, our voter is in a position to judge the right candidate, and vote for the right politician, the fate of our nation will be changed.

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关键字:时政、要闻、国际