时事评论:澳大利亚大学可能会制造一场核竞赛,破坏印度-太平洋地区的稳定

  • 時間:   2021-09-23      
  • 作者:   巴铁泽米尔      
  • 來源:   WORLD GEOSTRATEGIC INSIGHTS     
  • 瀏覽人數:  6259

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美国总统拜登与英国和澳大利亚建立了一个新的印太安全联盟,这将使两国更多地分享防务能力,包括帮助澳大利亚装备核动力潜艇。




美国总统乔·拜登宣布了英国首相鲍里斯·约翰逊和澳大利亚总理斯科特·莫里森的加入。莫里森和他一起通过视频宣布了这一名为“AUKUS”的新联盟。这三家公司宣布,他们将迅速将注意力转向为澳大利亚开发核动力潜艇。




这让整个世界陷入了尴尬。由于它削弱了北约和四方基地,北约的重要性已经接近尾声,可能会继续功能失调,或者变成一个政治和经济伙伴。过去,特别是在冷战时期,北约非常活跃和重要,但冷战结束后,人们观察到美国对北约联盟不再真诚,而只是出于政治目的而利用北约。对伊拉克,利比亚,阿富汗,叙利亚等的战争,实际的决定是由美国做出的,北约参与,使美国的行动和决定合法化。北约的作用几乎是象征性的,或者说微不足道的。




特别是当美国决定进攻阿富汗时,北约也加入了,但最终北约被忽略了,所有与塔利班的谈判都是由塔利班和美国直接进行的,与北约无关。从阿富汗撤军也是一种孤立行为,任何与盟国——北约的磋商都是如此。




当前,美方视中国为主要威胁,正采取一切措施反制中国。新联盟AUKUS只专注于对抗中国。与其他北约成员国和欧盟国家的信任缺失是美国的障碍。这就是美国组建新联盟的原因,在新联盟中,美国感到了更多的信任和舒适。




事实上,美国在很长一段时间内对欧盟感到不舒服,但不愿承认,通过组建新联盟,美国的外交政策显然发生了重大转变。美国曾是欧盟的主要贸易伙伴,但目前一些欧盟成员国加强了与中国的经济合作,不再依赖美国。中国是一些欧盟国家的主要贸易伙伴和投资者。中国为许多欧盟国家创造了就业机会,提供了大量就业机会。这就是为什么美国也感到奇怪,并专注于建立一个让自己感到更信任和舒适的新联盟。




奇怪的是,英国国防官员宣称美国不再是超级大国,但美国却选择了它作为新联盟。法国与澳大利亚的核协议谈判已进入最后阶段,但在最后一刻,该项目被美国抢走。法国很恼火,召回了他的大使。它也可能在适当的时候对美国反应过度。无论如何,欧盟对美国绕过法国的决定感到失望。人们认为美国背叛了欧盟。




另一方面,在澳大利亚装备核武器是危险的,因为澳大利亚还不够成熟,可能会滥用它。同时,这可能会在该地区引发一场竞赛。所有无核国家都可能感到威胁,都可能选择核武器。如果开始这样一场竞赛,其结果可能是整个地区的核化,这是无法承受的。




四方(Quad)是美国、日本、印度和澳大利亚为对抗中国而结成的联盟。也许美国已经判断了印度的能力和忠诚,可能并不依赖于它。日本是一个亚洲国家,美国可能也不会信任它。这就是为什么创建了一个新的联合大学。这似乎是对印度和日本的偏见和歧视性待遇。是因为亚洲国家的原因吗?在四方会谈期间,美国没有将核武器扩展到亚洲盟友日本和印度,但愿意装备澳大利亚,这是歧视吗?




当人类在寻求和平的时候,美国却在把世界推向人为的灾难。战争不再是一种解决办法,而是人类所渴望的和平。反对发展核武器,努力实现本地区最大程度的无核。现有的核武器水平可以降低,或者至少不应该促进。我们都有责任保护这个世界,这是我们共同的责任。世界任何地方发生的灾难也可能对世界其他地方产生不利影响。我们必须防止任何地方、任何时间发生任何意外。




翻译整理:那娜

责任编辑:陈龙狮



附件:本报时事评论员巴铁泽米尔简介

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Zamir Awan,泽米尔阿万,笔名:巴铁泽米尔。



现任巴基斯坦国立科技大学中国研究中心副主任。巴基斯坦驻中国大使馆原科技参赞。



泽米尔生于1962年3月1日,80年代在中国留过学。在上海大学获得学士与硕士学位,机械专业。



从2010年,在巴基斯坦驻华大使馆,担任参赞,负责中巴两国之间科技交流与发展科技合作。中巴两国政治关系非常密切,通称“铁哥们儿全天候战略合作伙伴”的关系。科技算战略地位,所以两国也重视科技交流与合作。



泽米尔阿万,利用他在中国学习时学过的知识(包括农业、林业、生物学、健康业、工业、水电、能源、高等教育等等)加强了合作关系。签订了不少合同与协议,推动了不少项目。



他为巴中两国人民之间的友谊做了不少的工作,特别一带一路与巴中经济走廊方面。在他的任期中,在两国关系发展壮大。



从2020年起成为《澳门法治报》时事评论员。



AUKUS may create a nuclear race and destabilize the Indo-Pacific region



President Joe Biden has created a new Indo-Pacific security alliance with Britain and Australia that will allow a greater sharing of defense capabilities — including helping equip Australia with nuclear-powered submarines.




President Joe Biden announced British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, who joined him by video to unveil the new alliance, which will be called “AUKUS”. The three announced they would quickly turn their attention to developing nuclear-powered submarines for Australia.




It has embarrassed the whole world. As it undermines NATO and QUAD, the importance of NATO has almost reached an end and may remain dysfunctional or turned into a political and economic partner. In the past, especially during the cold war era, NATO was very active and important, but after the cold war era, it was observed that the US is no longer sincere with the NATO alliance, but using them only for political purposes. War on Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, Syria, etc., the actual decisions were made by the US only, NATO was involved to legalize American actions and decisions. NATO’s role was almost ceremonial or minimum. 




Especially, when it was decided by the US to attack Afghanistan, NATO was taken on board, but, in the end, NATO was ignored and all the negotiations with the Taliban were made directly between the Taliban and the US only, nothing to do with NATO. Withdrawal of Troops from Afghanistan was also an act of isolation, with any consultation with Allies – NATO. 




Currently, the US takes China as a major threat and all efforts are made to counter China. The New Alliance AUKUS is only focused on countering China. The trust deficiency with other NATO members and EU countries was an obstacle for the US. That was the reason, the US formed a new alliance, where it feels more trust and comfort.




In fact, the US was not comfortable with the EU for quite some time but was reluctant to acknowledge, by forming a new alliance, it is obvious that the US has taken a major shift in its foreign policy.  The US was a major trading partner of the EU, but currently, some of the EU member countries have enhanced economic cooperation with China and are no longer dependent on the US. China is a major trading partner and investor for some EU countries. China is a job creator and opportunities provider for many EU countries. That is why the US also feels odd and focused on a new alliance where it feels more trust and comfort.




Strangely, The UK defense official declared that the US is no longer a superpower, yet, the US has chosen it for a new alliance. France, who was in the advanced stage of negotiation with Australia for the nuclear deal, but at the last moment, the project was grabbed by the US. France is annoyed and calls back his Ambassador. It might overreact with the US at a suitable time too. Anyhow, the EU is disappointed with the US decision of bypassing France. It is considered that the US has betrayed the EU.




On the other hand, equipping Australia with Nuclear weapons is dangerous as Australia is not mature enough and may misuse it. As well, it may create a race in the region. All non-nuclear states may feel the threat and may opt for nuclearization. If such a race is initiated, it might end up with the nuclearization of the whole region, which cannot afford. 




The Quad was an alliance between the US, Japan, India, and Australia, to counter China. Maybe the US has judged the capabilities and loyalty of India and may not depend on it. Japan was an Asian country, and the US may not trust it too. That is why a new Alliance AUKUS was created. It seems a biased and discriminatory treatment with India and Japan. Is it due to the reason of Asian nations? Under Quad, the US has not extended nuclear weapons to its Asian Allies Japan and India, but is willing to equip Australia, is it discrimination?




While humanity is seeking peace, the US is pushing the world toward human-made disasters. Wars are no longer a solution, it is peace, which is desired by humanity. Voice should be raised against the promotion of nuclear weapons and try best to keep the region nuclear-free as much as possible. The existing level of nuclear weapons may be reduced, or at least, should not be promoted. We all have the responsibility to protect this world, which we all share. Disaster in any part of the world may also have an adverse impact on other parts of the world. We must prevent any misadventure anywhere, any time. 




Author: Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan – Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Editor, Analyst, Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.

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关键字:时政、要闻、国际